Rather, it was a potent ideology that endowed white Americans with a sense of entitlement to the land and racial superiority over its inhabitants. Mexican Americans, in fact, occupy an extremely unique position in racial politics: They have been "doubly colonized", as subjects of the colonial aspirations of both Spaniards and Americans. Spanish colonizers brought with them a racial hierarchy that continued to affect class strata when Mexicans became Americans. There was, in fact, no adequate racial model for Mexicans.
Two views were adapted: the dominant view, which considered Mexican Americans as unfit for self-government because they were 'inferior'; and the progressive view, which considered them a benign presence because of their Spanish ancestry. Either way, a Euro-centric attitude dominated the discourse. Slavery was a crucial issue for the country at the time. Annexing the southern and western part of the continent, in fact, became a distinct catalyst for the Civil War. Lawmakers were faced with the question of whether African-American slavery would be allowed to expand into the territories.
This was generally encouraged by Euro Americans, who sought to divide Mexicans and Pueblo Indians in order to disrupt a potentially powerful alliance.
Laura Gómez’s Manifest Destinies: Ten Years Later
This created a system in which Mexican elites marked themselves as economically and racially privileged by distancing themselves from their own Indian ancestry. According to Gomez, "The power of racism is ideological, achieving its apex when racially subordinated groups themselves help to reproduce racism.
Without the Chinese as cheap labor, the US turned to Mexico to fill this need. Mexican immigrants became the workforce for the agricultural and industrial sectors of the US economy.
This relationship was cemented with the bill that virtually barred Asian immigration, while simultaneously creating the first exception for temporary workers from Mexico. Ironically, just as Mexican Americans were becoming acknowledged as a significant entity, economic tension during the Depression was stirring anti-Mexican racism, and mass deportation began.
More than , Mexicans, including many who were US citizens, were rounded up by police and deported. In New Mexico, Mexican Americans were loaded in trucks and dumped across the border. For the first time, Mexicans were being recognized for their untapped political potential, while they were in the process of taking ownership of their own group identity.
She notes: "The United States has always been a multiracial nation, even though it has become popular only in the last twenty-five years to talk about it in those terms. With Chicanos making up the youngest racial group in America 34 percent are under the age of 18 , the complicated relationship between the US and its Mexican citizens is clearly something that is going to be on the table for a long time to come.
Manifest Destinies presents a portrait of the forces that were present when this group was still in its infancy. Continuing our celebration of PopMatters' 20th anniversary, we revisit our 10 picks for the best debut albums of It turns out our selections were prescient as many of these artists have gone on to storied careers. Travel back to and see them again for the first time. PopMatters turns 20 years old this October and we're beginning to celebrate our history by taking you back in time a decade ago. Obama was in the White House and the musical times were very good indeed.
Revisit through its best albums. Electronic rockers Swoll craft a powerful song in "Shudder to Think" that moves beyond boundaries. M83's follow-up to 's ambient collection Digital Shades Vol.
Manifest Destinies, Second Edition
A rewarding, enriching and outstanding collaboration between Bonnie 'Prince' Billy, Bryce Dessner, and Eighth Blackbird makes the old sound new, the new sound old and shines a light on a long lost minimalist composer. Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page.
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Preview — Manifest Destinies by Laura E. Watch the Author Interview on KNME In both the historic record and the popular imagination, the story of nineteenth-century westward expansion in America has been characterized by notions of annexation rather than colonialism, of opening rather than conquering, and of settling unpopulated lands rather than displacing existing populations.
Using the territory that is now New Watch the Author Interview on KNME In both the historic record and the popular imagination, the story of nineteenth-century westward expansion in America has been characterized by notions of annexation rather than colonialism, of opening rather than conquering, and of settling unpopulated lands rather than displacing existing populations.
Using the territory that is now New Mexico as a case study, Manifest Destinies traces the origins of Mexican Americans as a racial group in the United States, paying particular attention to shifting meanings of race and law in the nineteenth century. Laura E. She tells a neglected story of conflict, conquest, cooperation, and competition among Mexicans, Indians, and Euro-Americans, the region's three main populations who were the key architects and victims of the laws that dictated what one's race was and how people would be treated by the law according to one's race.
The emphasis on white-over-black relations during this period has obscured the significant role played by the doctrine of Manifest Destiny and the colonization of northern Mexico in the racial subordination of black Americans.
Get A Copy. Hardcover , pages. More Details Original Title. Other Editions 5. Friend Reviews. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. To ask other readers questions about Manifest Destinies , please sign up. Lists with This Book. This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Community Reviews. Showing Rating details. Sort order. Aug 12, Mike Mena rated it it was amazing. This book reframes Manifest Destiny as part of American colonization--which, sadly, few people actually perceive as colonialism.
In that sense, this is a crucial intervention to popular American history.
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- Manifest Destinies: The Making of the Mexican American Race. By Laura E. Gomez.;
- Manifest Destinies: The Making of the Mexican American Race by Laura E. Gómez.
Excellent book. Five stars, for sure. Oct 09, John rated it liked it Shelves: new-mexico. Aug 05, Trip rated it really liked it. Through extensive legal and historical research, the author highlights the fluid nature of "race" in U. Gomez also highlights the repeated 'racial' arguments made by various congressmen against New Mexico becoming a state -- they decried the 'racial' makeup of New Mexico by which they meant the too-many mixed-race Through extensive legal and historical research, the author highlights the fluid nature of "race" in U.
Gomez also highlights the repeated 'racial' arguments made by various congressmen against New Mexico becoming a state -- they decried the 'racial' makeup of New Mexico by which they meant the too-many mixed-race individuals and the too-few Euro-Americans.